UPSC Geologist Exam Syllabus 2018 Updated Geologist & Geo-Scientist Syllabi, Revised Exam Pattern Download pdf

UPSC Geologist Exam Syllabus

Consider UPSC Geologist Exam Syllabus to get prepared for Combined Geologist & Geo-Scientist examination….. Applicants who are going to be part of competitive examination conducted by the Union Public Service Commission must download Updated Geologist & Geo-Scientist Syllabi pdf and Revised UPSC Geologist Exam Pattern. UPSC Geo-Scientist exam Syllabi will help you to know topic which have to prepared for examination so that, you can make better preparation. Scroll down this page to check complete UPSC Geologist Exam Syllabus 2018. 

Candidates who had earlier applied for UPSC Recruitment to fill Geologist, Geophysicist and Chemist posts in Geological Survey of India (GSI) Junior Hydrogeologists (Scientist B) in Central Ground Water Board (CGWB) are now informed that their Revised Geologist & Geo-Scientist Exam Pattern is available on the official website. Also, we have provided complete details regarding UPSC Geologist Exam Syllabus 2018 on this page so, download it via online or check complete syllabus form this page which is well customized by the team of

UPSC Geologist Exam Syllabus

Organization Union Public Service Commission
Exam name Combined Geologist & Geo-Scientist examination
Category UPSC Geologist Exam Syllabus

Check Here: UPSC Geologist Exam Notification

UPSC Geologist Exam Syllabus

Now it’s time to check UPSC geologist exam, so without wasting more time avail all the details of Geo Scientist and Geologist topics according to different sections papers and weightage. You are suggested to make proper time table and prepare according to the topics mentioned below.

UPSC Geologist Exam Syllabus- English

Well this is one of the scoring subject as in this candidates have to write a short essay on recent topics or the questions will be asked from the other topics such as –

  • Verb
  • Tenses
  • Adverb
  • Vocabulary
  • Word Formation
  • Articles
  • Theme Detection
  • Synonyms & Antonyms
  • Conclusion
  • Fill in the Blanks
  • Unseen Passage
  • Subject- Verb Agreement
  • Sentences Completion
  • Idioms & Phrases
  • Error Correction
  • Passages Completion
  • Grammar
  • Comprehension
  • Sentence Rearrangements

Press To Know: 7 Ways to Improve Concentration Power In Studies

UPSC Geologist Exam Syllabus -Geology

Geology – Paper I
Section A: Geomorphology and Remote Sensing
  • Basic principles
  • Weathering and soil, Mass wasting
  • Influence of climate on processes
  • Concept of erosion cycles
  • Geomorphology of fluvial tracts, arid zones, coastal regions, ‘Karst’ landscapes and glaciated ranges
  • Geomorphic mapping, slope analysis and drainage basin analysis
  • Applications of geomorphology in mineral prospecting, civil engineering, hydrology and environmental studies
  • Topographical maps
  • Geomorphology of India
  • Concepts and principles of aerial photography and photogrammetry, satellite remote sensing – data products and their interpretation
  • Digital image processing
  • Remote sensing in landform and land use mapping, structural mapping, hydrogeological studies and mineral exploration
  • Global and Indian Space Missions
  • Geographic Information System (GIS) – principles and applications.
Section B: Structural Geology
  • Principles of geological mapping and map reading, projection diagrams
  • Stress-strain relationships of elastic, plastic and viscous materials
  • Measurement of strain in deformed rocks
  • Behaviour of minerals and rocks under deformation conditions
  • Structural analysis of folds, cleavages, lineations, joints and faults Superposed deformation
  • Mechanism of folding and faulting
  • Time-relationship between crystallization and deformation
  • Unconformities and basement-cover relations
  • Structural behaviour of igneous rocks, diapirs and salt domes
  • Introduction to petro fabrics
Section C: Geotectonics
  • Earth and the solar system, Meteorites and other extra-terrestrial materials, Planetary evolution of the earth and its internal structure
  • Heterogeneity of the earth’s crust
  • Major tectonic features of the Oceanic and Continental crust
  • Continental drift – geological and geophysical evidence, mechanics, objections, present status
  • Gravity and magnetic anomalies at Mid-ocean ridges, deep sea trenches, continental shield areas and mountain chains
  • Seafloor spreading and Plate Tectonics. Island arcs, Oceanic islands and volcanic arcs
  • Isostasy, orogeny and epeirogeny. Seismic belts of the earth
  • Seismicity and plate movements
  • Geodynamics of the Indian plate
Section D: Stratigraphy
  • Nomenclature and the modern stratigraphic code
  • Radioisotopes and measuring geological time
  • Geological time-scale
  • Stratigraphic procedures of correlation of unfossiliferous rocks
  • Precambrian stratigraphy of India
  • Stratigraphy of the Palaeozoic, Mesozoic and Cenozoic formations of India
  • Gondwana system and Gondwanaland
  • Rise of the Himalaya and evolution of Siwalik basin
  • Deccan Volcanics
  • Quaternary Stratigraphy
  • Rock record, palaeoclimates and palaeogeography
Section E: Palaeontology
  • Fossil record and geological time-scale
  • Morphology and time-ranges of fossil groups
  • Evolutionary changes in molluscs and mammals in geological time
  • Principles of evolution
  • Use of species and genera of foraminifera and echinodermata in biostratigraphic correlation
  • Siwalik vertebrate fauna and Gondwana flora, evidence of life in Precambrian times, different microfossil groups and their distribution in India.


Geology – Paper II
Section A: Mineralogy
  • Physical, chemical and crystallographic characteristics of common rock forming silicate mineral groups
  • Structural classification of silicates
  • Common minerals of igneous and metamorphic rocks
  • Minerals of the carbonate, phosphate, sulphide and halide groups
  • Optical properties of common rock forming silicate minerals, uniaxial and biaxial minerals
  • Extinction angles, pleochroism, birefringenece of minerals and their relation with mineral composition
  • Twinned crystals. Dispersion
  • The U-stage
Section B: Igneous and Metamorphic Petrology
  • Forms, textures and structures of igneous rocks
  • Silicate melt equilibria, binary and pernery phase diagrams
  • Petrology and geotectonic evolution of granites, basalts, andesites and alkaline rocks
  • Petrology of gabbros, kimberlites, anorthosites and carbonatites
  • Origin of primary basic magmas
  • Textures and structures of metamorphic rocks
  • Regional and contact metamorphism of pelitic and impure calcareous rocks
  • Mineral assemblages and P/T conditions
  • Experimental and thermodynamic appraisal of metamorphic reactions
  • Characteristics of different grades and facies of metamorphism
  • Metasomatism and granitization, migmatites
  • Plate tectonics and metamorphic zones
  • Paired metamorphic belts
Section C: Sedimentology
  • Provenance and diagenesis of sediments
  • Sedimentary textures
  • Framework matrix and cement of terrigenous sediments
  • Definition, measurement and interpretation of grain size
  • Elements of hydraulics
  • Primary structures, palaeocurrent analysis
  • Biogenic and chemical sedimentary structures
  • Sedimentary environment and facies.
  • Facies modelling for marine, non-marine and mixed sediments
  • Tectonics and sedimentation
  • Classification and definition of sedimentary basins, Sedimentary basins of India
  • Cyclic sediments
  • Seismic and sequence stratigraphy
  • Purpose and scope of basin analysis
  • Structure contours and isopach maps
Section D: Geochemistry
  • Earth in relation to the solar system and universe, cosmic abundance of elements
  • Composition of the planets and meteorites
  • Structure and composition of earth and distribution of elements
  • Trace elements
  • Elementary crystal chemistry and thermodynamics
  • Introduction to isotope geochemistry
  • Geochemistry of hydrosphere, biosphere and atmosphere
  • Geochemical cycle and principles of geochemical prospecting.
Section E: Environmental Geology
  • Concepts and principles
  • Natural hazards – preventive/precautionary measures – floods, landslides, earthquakes, river and coastal erosion.
  • Impact assessment of anthropogenic activities such as urbanization, open cast mining and quarrying, river-valley projects, disposal of industrial and radio-active waste, excess withdrawal of ground water, use of fertilizers, dumping of ores, mine waste and fly-ash
  • Organic and inorganic contamination of ground water and their remedial measures
  • Soil degradation and remedial measures. Environment protection – legislative measures in India


Geology – Paper III
Section A: Indian mineral deposits and mineral economics
  • Occurrence and distribution in India of metalliferous deposits – base metals, iron, manganese, aluminium, chromium, nickel, gold, silver, molybdenum
  • Indian deposits of non-metals – mica, asbestos, barytes, gypsum, graphite, apatite and beryl
  • Gemstones, refractory minerals, abrasives and minerals used in glass, fertilizer, paint, ceramic and cement industries
  • Building stones. Phosphorite deposits
  • Placer deposits, rare earth minerals.
  • Strategic, critical and essential minerals
  • India’s status in mineral production
  • Changing patterns of mineral consumption
  • National Mineral Policy
  • Mineral Concession Rules
  • Marine mineral resources and Law of Sea
Section B: Oregenesis
  • Ore deposits and ore minerals
  • Magmatic processes of mineralization
  • Porphyry, skarn and hydrothermal mineralization
  • Fluid inclusion studies
  • Mineralisation associated with-(i) ultramafic, mafic and acidic rocks, (ii) greenstone belts, (iii) komatiites, anorthosites and kimberlites and (iv) submarine volcanism
  • Magma-related mineralisation through geological time
  • Stratiform and stratabound ores
  • Ores and metamorphism – cause and effect relations
Section C: Mineral exploration
  • Methods of surface and subsurface exploration, prospecting for economic minerals – drilling, sampling and assaying
  • Geophysical techniques – gravity, electrical, magnetic, airborne and seismic
  • Geomorphological and remote sensing techniques
  • Geobotanical and geochemical methods
  • Borehole logging and surveys for deviation
Section D: Geology of fuels
  • Definition, origin of coal
  • Stratigraphy of coal measures
  • Fundamentals of coal petrology, peat, lignite, bituminous and anthracite coal
  • Microscopic constituents of coal
  • Industrial application of coal petrology
  • Indian coal deposits
  • Diagenesis of organic materials
  • Origin, migration and entrapment of natural hydrocarbons
  • Characters of source and reservoir rocks
  • Structural, stratigraphic and mixed traps
  • Techniques of exploration
  • Geographical and geological distributions of onshore and offshore petroliferous basins of India
  • Mineralogy and geochemistry of radioactive minerals
  • Instrumental techniques of detection and measurement of radioactivity
  • Radioactive methods for prospecting and assaying of mineral deposits
  • Distribution of radioactive minerals in India
  • Radioactive methods in petroleum exploration – well logging techniques
  • Nuclear waste disposal – geological constraints.
Section E: Engineering Geology
  • Mechanical properties of rocks and soils
  • Geological investigations for river valley projects – Dams and reservoirs; tunnels – types, methods and problems
  • Bridges – types and foundation problems
  • Shoreline engineering
  • Landslides – classification, causes, prevention and rehabilitation
  • Concrete aggregates – sources, alkali-aggregate reaction
  • Aseismic designing – seismicity in India and earthquake-resistant structures
  • Problems of groundwater in engineering projects
  • Geotechnical case studies of major projects in India

 Must Read: How to Prepare For Geologist Exam

UPSC Geo Physicist Exam Syllabus

Paper I
Part A
  • Solid Earth Geophysics
  • Earthquake and Engineering Seismology
  • Mathematical methods in Geophysics
  • Geophysical Inversion
Part B
  • Mathematical Methods of Physics
  • Thermodynamics and Statistical Physics
  • Electrodynamics
  • Introductory Atmospheric and Space Physics
Paper II
Part A
  • Geophysical Potential Fields
  • Electrical and Electromagnetic methods
  • Seismic Prospecting
  • Borehole Geophysics
Part B
  • Atomic and Molecular Physics and Properties and Characterization of materials
  • Nuclear and Particle Physics
  • Electromagnetic Theory
  • Classical Mechanics
Paper III
Part A
  • Radiometric Exploration / Airborne Geophysical surveys for Geological Mapping
  • Marine Geophysics
  • Geophysical Signal Processing
  • Remote Sensing and GIS applications
Part B
  • Solid State Physics
  • Laser systems
  • Laser cavity modes
  • Electronics and devices
  • Digital electronics, Radar systems, Satellite communications
  • Quantum Mechanic

Get Here: UPSC Geologist Exam Pattern

UPSC Geologist Exam Syllabus- Chemistry

Chemistry- Paper I
  • Chemical periodicity
  • Chemical Bonding and structure
  • Chemistry of coordination compounds
  • Acid-Base reactions
  • Precipitation and Redox Reactions
  • Organo-metallic compounds
  • Nuclear chemistry
  • s-Block Elements
  • p-Block Elements
  • Chemistry of d- and f- block elements etc
Chemistry- paper II
  • Kinetic theory and the gaseous state
  • The Collision of gas molecules, Real gases
  • Thermodynamics
  • Application of Second law of thermodynamics
  • Thermodynamics and Equilibrium
  • Acids-bases and solvents
  • Solutions of non-electrolytes
  • Chemical kinetics and catalysis
  • Adsorption and Surface Chemistry
  • Electrochemistry
  • Photochemistry
  • Quantum Chemistry
  • Basic principles and application of spectroscopy
  • UV Spectra
  • PMR Spectra
Chemistry- Paper III
  • Theoretical basis of Quantitative inorganic analysis
  • Gravimetric Analysis
  • Sampling and treatment of samples for chemical analysis
  • Volumetric Analysis
  • Acid-base titrations
  • Redox Titrations
  • Potentiometry
  • Complexometric titrations
  • Chromatographic methods of analysis
  • UV-Visible Spectroscopy
  • Flame photometry and Atomic absorption spectrometry
  • X-ray methods of Analysis
  • Inductively coupled plasma spectroscopy
  • Analysis of Minerals, Ores and Alloys
  • Organometallic compounds
  • Bonding and physical properties
  • Aldol and related reactions
  • Mechanism of some reactions
  • Electrocyclic Reactions
  • Organic Reaction Mechanisms
  • Organic Spectroscopy etc

UPSC Geologist Exam Syllabus- Hydrogeology

Section A  Origin, occurrence and distribution of water.
Section B  Groundwater Hydraulics.
Section C  Groundwater Exploration and Water Well Construction.
Section D  Groundwater Quality.
Section E  Groundwater Management.

UPSC Geologist Exam Pattern

Name of Subject Maximum Marks Time Duration
1. General English (common for all category) 100 3 Hours

Category – 1 For the post of Geologist

2. Geology Paper I 200 3 hrs
3. Geology Paper II 200 3 hrs
4. Geology Paper III 200 3 hrs

Category – 2 For the post of Geophysicist

2. Geophysics Paper I 200 3 hrs
3. Geophysics Paper II 200 3 hrs
4. Geophysics Paper III 200 3 hrs

Category – 3 For the post of Chemist

2. Chemistry Paper I 200 3 hrs
3. Chemistry Paper II 200 3 hrs
4. Chemistry Paper III 200 3 hrs

Category – 4 For the Post of Jr. Hydrogeologist

2. Geology Paper I 200 3 hrs
3. Geology Paper II 200 3 hrs
4. Hydrogeology 200 3 hrs

Check Here: Tips to Prepare For Written Examination

UPSC Selection Process

Well, assortment of appliers is totally depend upon the rounds that are well framed below, candidates are advised to scroll down this article and get complete UPSC Geologist Syllabus 2017.

  • Round 1: Written Examination
  • Round 2: Interview / Personality Test

UPSC Written Exam:

First of all come to round 1 for UPSC Recruitment that is Written Examination which is contributes General English, Geology Paper I, II & III and the last is Hydrogeology and appliers will get 3 hours to complete the said exam, marks distribution you can check in below table separately according to particular exam. Also, candidates shortlisted in this written exam will further participate in next round that is interview round which is being conducted by the recruiting panel of Union Public Service Commission. Aspirants who want to be the part of organization need to get good marks in these rounds, so get carefully below provided syllabus.

Interview / Personality Test:

Candidates who want to grab the respective job opportunity firstly need to qualify the written examination then Interview/Personality test will be conducted by the Board of competent and unbiased observers of union public service commission.  Interview/Personality test consist of total 200 marks conducted Interview will be conducted with the motive to assess the suitability of candidates whereas Personality Test is conducted to observe participants on the basis of leadership, initiative and intellectual curiosity, social qualities, mental and physical energy, powers of practical application, integrity of character and other social or unsocial field.

Must Read: Best Interview Questions and Answers

Combined Geologist & Geo-Scientist Exam Instructions

  • Paper is of Conventional (essay) type only.
  • Questions papers will be set in English so, applicants need to answer in English only.
  • Union public service commission has discretion to fix qualifying marks of all subjects of the examination.
  • Applicants have to reach at examination premises on time; latest candidates are lowed allowed in any circumstances.
  • No one will be allowed to bring any electronics or communication devices in the examination hall as it is ban.

You can Also Check:

UPSC Geologist Admit Card

UPSC Geologist Cut Off

UPSC Geologist Exam Result

UPSC Geo-Scientist Exam Syllabus:

As per the latest UPSC Notification, the UPSC Geo Scientist and Geologist Exam pattern is different this time as compared to previous years, so appliers are advised  that instead of taking information from Question Paper and Answer Book and consolidated Question-cum-Answer Booklet (QCAB), take syllabus & pattern from below as we have gathered updated UPSC Geologist & Geo-Scientist Exam pattern and syllabus.

Go through the complete page that is maintained by the team of and fetch complete information about Union Public Service Commission Syllabus 2017 and you can also download PDF of syllabus through online mode according to your exam or you can also do the same by striking below provided link

UPSC Study Plan for Geologist Exam:

Applicants can easily crack the Indian Geologist service Examination by following the below given steps-

  • Firstly you must collect entire Indian Geologist service Exam syllabus and get complete knowledge about topics and there weightage.
  • Now make schedule and learn topic wise.
  • Applicants must work on your weak point and try to overcome from it.
  • Practice as much as you can through geologist previous year papers and online mock test.
  • Refer best Geologist and Geo Scientist preparation books for study.

UPSC Geologist Exam Study Material:

Books Name Author Direct Links
Geochemistry: An Introduction Francis Albarède – Get PDF
Marine Geochemistry Horst D. Schulz, Matthias Zabel Get PDF
Hydrogeology: Principles and Practice Kevin M. Hiscock Get PDF
Military Aspects of Hydrogeology Edward P. F. Rose, ‎J. D. Mather Get PDF
Engineering Geology: Principles and Practice David George Price Get PDF
Geology of Construction Materials J.E. Prentice Get PDF
Multivariate Geostatistics: An Introduction with Applications Hans Wackernagel Get PDF
Geoscientists Matt Mullins Get PDF
English Books and Readers


Henry Stanley Bennett Get PDF
Sinhalese-English grammar and Exercise book



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